Area: 12 144 km2
Population: 4,504,469 Sydneysiders
Government: Sydney is the State Capital of New South Wales. It is the largest and most populous city in Australia and Oceania. The metropolitan area is divided into forty local government areas (LGAs) which have elected councils. The City of Sydney is the Central Business District (CBD), and thirty-two surrounding inner-city suburbs such as Glebe or the Rocks. The political leader of this LGA is the Lord Mayor of Sydney Clover Moore.
History: The Cadigal people are the oldest inhabitants of the Sydney region. Historians often agree that Aboriginal people have settled in this area since 30 000 years. Sydney is the first European colony in Australia. It was establish by the British Commodore Arthur Philip who arrived on Botany Bay on the 18th January of 1788. The City was first built around Port Jackson (Sydney Harbour where stands nowadays the Opera House and the Harbour Bridge). From 1810 to 1821, the Governor Lachlan Macquarie had a very important role in the development of the colony, helping the transition between a simple convict settlement to a real city by upgrading or creating new roads, bridges, wharves and public buildings. On the 20th July of 1842, the town was declared the first city in Australia, with John Hosking as the first elected mayor. While the 19th century has seen Sydney growing and developing considerably, the most popular buildings and architectural achievements date from the 20th. The Harbour Bridge (503m length and 49m wide), was completed in 1932 by the architects J.J.C. Bradfield, R. Freeman, G. Roberts and G.C. Imbault, and the Sydney Opera House, made a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2007, was completed in 1973 by Jørn Utzon.
Transports: Sydney is served by train, taxis, bus and ferry networks. Sydney Trains are run by CityRail, a State corporation. A private rail line operates also in the City with a line running from Lillyfield to Central Station, and a monorail which runs in a loop in the CBD and Darling Harbour. The Sydney Buses are another State company, as Sydney Ferries. Sydney’s main airport is the Kingsford-Smith Airport, located in the suburb of Mascot.
Climate: Sydney has a temperate climate with warm summers and mild winters. The warmest month is January and an average of 14.6 days a year have temperatures of more than 30°C. The coldest month is July, with an average range of 8.0 to 16.2°C. The average annual rainfall, with moderate to low variability, is 1,217 mm, falling on an average 138 days a year.
Climate data for Sydney Source: Bureau of Meteorology